Identification of a gammaherpesvirus belonging to the malignant catarrhal fever group of viruses in Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra p. pyrenaica)

Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Fernando Esperón, Oscar Cabezón, Roser Velarde, Gregorio Mentaberre, Verónica Delicado, María Jesús Muñoz, Emmanuel Serrano, Santiago Lavín, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien. High prevalence (46 %) of a gammaherpesvirus was confirmed by molecular detection in the lungs of hunted Pyrenean chamois. The partial glycoprotein B sequence up to the DNA polymerase gene showed 96.6 % nucleotide sequence identity to the Rupicapra rupicapra gammaherpesvirus 1 and 81.5 % to ovine herpesvirus 2. This novel sequence clusters within sequences derived from the malignant catarrhal fever group of viruses, and the corresponding virus is tentatively named Rupicapra pyrenaica gammaherpesvirus 1 (RpHV-1). No specific histological lesions were associated with RpHV-1, nor were any detrimental effects on host health. The epidemiological, phylogenetic and histopathological results suggest that Pyrenean chamois is the natural host of RpHV-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3249-3253
JournalArchives of Virology
Volume161
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Bronchopneumonia
  • Chamois
  • Gammaherpesvirus
  • Macavirus
  • Malignant catarrhal fever
  • Wildlife

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