© 2018 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Patients affected by Angelman syndrome (AS) present severe intellectual disability, lack of speech, ataxia, seizures, abnormal electroencephalography (EEG), and a characteristic behavioral phenotype. Around 10% of patients with a clinical diagnosis of AS (AS-like) do not have an identifiable molecular defect. Some of these patients harbor alternative genetic defects that present overlapping features with AS. Methods: Trio whole-exome sequence was performed on patient and parent's DNA extracted from peripheral blood. Exome data were filtered according to a de novo autosomal dominant inheritance. cDNA analysis was carried out to assess the effect of the splice site variant. Results: We identified a novel heterozygous SMARCE1 splicing variant that leads to an exon skipping in a patient with an Angelman-like phenotype. Missense variants in the SMARCE1 gene are known to cause Coffin–Siris syndrome (CSS), which is a rare congenital syndrome. Clinical reevaluation of the patient confirmed the presence of characteristic clinical features of CSS, many of them overlapping with AS. Conclusions: Taking into account the novel finding reported in this study, we consider that CSS should be added to the expanding list of differential diagnoses for AS.
|Journal||Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
- Angelman syndrome (AS)
- Coffin–Siris syndrome (CSS)
- exome sequencing