Hypertension Is a Key Feature of the Metabolic Syndrome in Subjects Aging with HIV

Raquel Martin-Iguacel, Eugènia Negredo, Robert Peck, Nina Friis-Møller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. With widespread and effective antiretroviral therapy, the life expectancy in the HIV population has dramatically improved over the last two decades. Consequently, as patients are aging with HIV, other age-related comorbidities, such as metabolic disturbances and cardiovascular disease (CVD), have emerged as important causes of morbidity and mortality. An overrepresentation of traditional cardiovascular risk factors (RF), toxicities associated with long exposure to antiretroviral therapy, together with residual chronic inflammation and immune activation associated with HIV infection are thought to predispose to these metabolic complications and to the excess risk of CVD observed in the HIV population. The metabolic syndrome (MS) represents a clustering of RF for CVD that includes abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Hypertension is a prevalent feature of the MS in HIV, in particular in the aging population, and constitutes an important RF for CVD. Physicians should screen their patients for metabolic and cardiovascular risk at the regular visits to reduce MS and the associated CVD risk among people aging with HIV, since many of RF are under-diagnosed and under-treated conditions. Interventions to reduce these RF can include lifestyle changes and pharmacological interventions such as antihypertensive and lipid-lowering therapy, and treatment of glucose metabolism disturbances. Changes in antiretroviral therapy to more metabolic neutral antiretroviral drugs may also be considered.
Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • HIV infection
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome

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