Hypertension in HIV-infected patients: Prevalence and related factors

Carlos Jericó, Hernando Knobel, Milagro Montero, María L. Sorli, Ana Guelar, Juan L. Gimeno, Pere Saballs, Jose L. López-Colomés, Juan Pedro-Botet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Little is known about hypertension in the HIV-infected population. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of hypertension and related factors in HIV-infected patients. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 710 HIV-infected patients (626 on combination antiretroviral therapy and 84 naive) managed at the outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital during 2003 and 802 controls completed the study protocol consisting of medical examination and a 6-month follow-up period including three control visits. Results: Hypertension prevalence was 13.1% in HIV-infected patients and 13.5% in the control group. Age (per 10-year increment) (odds ratio [OR]: 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.48-2.48), body mass index (OR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.10-1.27), and lipoaccumulation pattern of fat redistribution (OR: 2.26; 95% CI: 1.20-4.24) were independently and significantly associated with the presence of hypertension in HIV-infected patients at logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: The present results suggest no meaningful difference in prevalence of hypertension between subjects with and without HIV infection. Thus, the influence of combination antiretroviral therapy appears to have little impact on the prevalence of hypertension.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1396-1401
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • Hypertension
  • Protease inhibitors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hypertension in HIV-infected patients: Prevalence and related factors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this