Hypertension alters role of iNOS, COX-2, and oxidative stress in bradykinin relaxation impairment after LPS in rat cerebral arteries

Raquel Hernanz, Ana M. Briones, María J. Alonso, Elisabet Vila, Mercedes Salaices

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46 Citations (Scopus)


This study was performed to investigate the role of reactive oxygen species and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) metabolites in the lipopolysaccharide effect on bradykinin-induced relaxation in middle cerebral arteries from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). LPS exposure (10 μg/ml for 1-5 h) reduced bradykinin relaxation; this effect appeared earlier and was greater in arteries from SHR than WKY rats. LPS also reduced the relaxation to the NO donor diethylamine (DEA)-NO; however, LPS modified neither the bradykinin relaxation after inhibiting NO synthesis with NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (0.1 mM) nor endothelial NOS expression. In arteries from WKY rats, the respective iNOS and COX-2 inhibitors aminoguanidine (0.1 mM) and NS-398 (10 μM) and the superoxide anion scavenger SOD (100 U/ml) reduced the LPS effect on bradykinin relaxation; however, the thromboxane A2 (TxA2)PGH 2 receptor antagonist SQ-29548 (1 μM) and the H2O 2 scavenger catalase (1,000 U/ml) did not modify the LPS effect. In arteries from SHR, all of these drugs reduced the LPS effect. LPS exposure (5 h) increased superoxide anion levels in arteries from both strains and TxA 2 levels only in SHR. COX-2 expression rose to a similar level in arteries from both strains after 1 and 5 h of LPS incubation, whereas expression of Cu/Zn- and Mn-SOD only increased after 5 h. In conclusion, in segments from WKY rats, LPS reduced bradykinin-induced relaxation through increased production of NO (from iNOS) and superoxide anion. The greater LPS effect observed in arteries from SHR seems to be related to higher participation of reactive oxygen species and contractile prostanoids (probably TxA2).
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004


  • Cyclooxygenase-2
  • Inducible nitric oxide synthase
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Rat
  • Reactive oxygen species


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