The interaction of a large set of bases covering a wide range of the basicity scale with HZSM5 medium-size zeolites has been investigated through the use of two model clusters, namely 5T and 7T:63T. The 5T cluster has been treated fully ab initio at the B3LYP level, whereas the 63T cluster has been treated with the ONIOM2 scheme using the B3LYP:MNDO combination for geometry optimizations and B3LYP:HF/3-21G for adsorption energies. The optimized geometries of the different hydrogen bond (HB) and ion pair (IP) complexes obtained with both models are rather similar. However, there are significant dissimilarities as far as the adsorption energies are concerned, in particular when dealing with IP clusters whose intrinsic stability is largely underestimated when the simpler 5T model is used. 5T clusters could be used to obtain reasonable estimates of adsorption energies provided these are scaled by a factor of 1.1 for HB complexes and 1.4 for IP complexes. The zeolite cavity favors the proton transfer process, similarly to that found by third polar partners in gas-phase HB trimers. The intrinsic basicity of the base and its adsorption energy within the zeolite are correlated. From this correlation, is possible to conclude that, in general, bases with proton affinities (PA) larger than 200 kcal mol -1 should lead to the formation of IPs, whereas bases with PA smaller than this value should form HB complexes. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry B|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Oct 2005|