Human migration and pig/pork import in the European Union: What are the implications for Taenia solium infections?

S. Gabriël, M. V. Johansen, E. Pozio, G. S.A. Smit, B. Devleesschauwer, A. Allepuz, E. Papadopoulos, J. van der Giessen, P. Dorny

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27 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is a neglected zoonotic disease complex occurring primarily in developing countries. Though claimed eradicated from the European Union (EU), an increasing number of human neurocysticercosis cases is being detected. Risk factors such as human migration and movement of pigs/pork, as well as the increasing trend in pig rearing with outside access are discussed in this review.The entry of a tapeworm carrier into the EU seems a lot more plausible than the import of infected pork. The establishment of local transmission in the EU is presently very unlikely. However, considering the potential changes in risk factors, such as the increasing trend in pig farming with outdoor access, the increasing human migration from endemic areas into the EU, this situation might change, warranting the establishment of an early warning system, which should include disease notification of taeniasis/cysticercosis both in human and animal hosts.As currently human-to-human transmission is the highest risk, prevention strategies should focus on the early detection and treatment of tapeworm carriers, and should be designed in a concerted way, across the EU and across the different sectors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2015


  • European Union
  • Human migration
  • Meat import
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Pig movement
  • Taenia solium


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