We report on the effect of human apolipoprotein (apo) A-II transgene expression on atherosclerosis susceptibility in two transgenic lines (25.3 and 11.1) whose plasma human apoA-II concentrations (~23 and 96 mg/dl, respectively) span the normal range in humans. After 9 months of an atherogenic diet, 25.3 and 11.1 transgenic mice developed aortic atherosclerotic lesions that were ~1.7- and 7-fold, respectively, more extensive than those of non-transgenic control mice. However, there was no difference in the area of atherosclerosis of transgenic and control mice when fed a regular chow diet. This contrasts with the findings in murine apoA-II transgenic mice and provides evidence of a species-specific characteristic that could be of relevance with respect to the high fat intake diets common in most industrialized countries. A possible mechanism of the pro- atherogenic action of human apoA-II could be the inhibition of reverse cholesterol transport and, in support of this, we observed an impairment of apoA-I-HDL particle interconversion in the plasma of 11.1 transgenic mice caused, at least in part, by a marked decrease in the endogenous lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity.
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 1998|
- Apolipoprotein A- I
- High density lipoproteins
- Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase