How should the results of a scientific study be presented? I. The oral presentation

Carlos Manterola, Viviana Pineda, Manuel Vial, Y. Luis Grande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The results of a research study can be presented through oral communications, posters, conferences and publications, etc. The present article suggests ways in which oral communications and posters can be presented. The sequence of steps leading up to an oral presentation can be divided into writing a summary, designing the graphic material, giving the presentation and defending the results. Posters have a similar structure but this format allows complex experiments to be clearly presented and a variety of illustrations to be introduced, without the strict time constraints that apply to oral presentations. Whichever format is followed, we recommend that authors answer the following questions: what was the question studied and why?, how was it studied?, what were the results?, and what do they mean? These questions help to structure the presentation effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
JournalCirugia Espanola
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • Congresses
  • Meeting report
  • Oral communication
  • Poster
  • Publication formats


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