Hostility and childhood sexual abuse as predictors of suicidal behaviour in Borderline Personality Disorder

Liliana Ferraz, Maria J. Portella, Mónica Vállez, Fernando Gutiérrez, Ana Martín-Blanco, Rocío Martín-Santos, Susana Subirà

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct and has been previously associated with suicidal behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This study examined the associations between suicidal behaviour and impulsivity-related personality traits, as well as history of childhood sexual abuse, in 76 patients diagnosed with BPD using both the Structured Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III (DSM-III) Axis-II diagnoses and the self-personality questionnaire. Impulsivity-related traits were measured using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI) and the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R). We found that hostility and childhood sexual abuse, but not impulsivity or other temperament traits, significantly predicted the presence, number and severity of previous suicide attempts. Hostility traits and childhood sexual abuse showed an impact on suicide attempts in BPD. Our results support previous findings indicating that high levels of hostility and having suffered sexual abuse during childhood lead to an increased risk for suicidal behaviour in BPD. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-985
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Childhood sexual abuse.
  • Hostility
  • Impulsivity
  • Suicidal behaviour
  • Temperament

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