The complexes Hg(SR)2 1 and [NR′4] [Hg(SR)3] (R′ = Et 2 or Me 3) have been obtained from the reaction of HgCl2 with NaSR in acetonitrile, with [NR′4]Cl also present for complexes 2 and 3; SR is cyclohexanethiolate. Complex 1 has a polymeric structure consisting of rather bent Hg(SR)2 units [Hg-S 2.372(2) and 2.374(2) Å, S-Hg-S 160.4(1)°] linked together by weaker Hg-S bonds [3.004(2) and 2.959(2) Å]; the Hg atoms have highly distorted tetrahedral co-ordination and each thiolate acts as a very asymmetric bridge between two Hg atoms. Complex 2 contains Hg atoms in a distorted trigonal-planar co-ordination environment, the monomeric anions being well separated from each other. The distortion is mostly in-plane, producing one angle considerably less than, and one considerably greater than, the ideal 120°; the largest angle lies opposite the longest Hg-S bond, and the smallest angle opposite the shortest Hg-S bond. Proton and 13C NMR, far-IR and Raman, and low-energy UV spectroscopic data are discussed. The UV data afford additional support for the proposal of a trigonal-planar [Hg(CysS)3]- co-ordination environment for the metal receptor site of the MerR metalloregulatory protein. A correlation of co-ordination geometry, Hg-S bond lengths, and Hg-S stretching frequencies is developed for these and other homoleptic thiolate complexes of mercury.
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1992|