© 2017 American Chemical Society. Fluorescent silicon (Si) nanocrystals (2.8 nm diameter) were incorporated into surfactant assemblies of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and cholesterol, called quatsomes. In water, the quatsome-Si nanocrystal assemblies remain fluorescent and well-dispersed for weeks. In contrast to Si nanocrystals, alkanethiol-capped gold (Au) nanocrystals do not form stable dispersions in water with quatsomes. Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) confirmed that the Si nanocrystal-quatsome structures do not change over the course of several weeks. The long-term stability of the Si nanocrystal-quatsome assemblies, their fluorescence, and biocompatibility makes them attractive candidates for medical applications.