This work presents a new control system for the nitritation of high-strength ammonium wastewater as reject water from sludge dewatering. It is based on three independent feedback control loops: (i) DO control by manipulating the aeration flow-rate, (ii) pH control with the addition of solid Na2CO3 and (iii) control of NH4+-N concentration in the reactor using the influent flow-rate as the manipulated variable. Its application in an activated sludge configuration with one reactor and a settler, demonstrated: (i) capability to achieve stable effluent composition with proper NO2--N/NH4+-N ratio for anammox treatment and ii) possibility to obtain an effluent with full nitritation suitable for heterotrophic denitrification only modifying the ammonium setpoint. A nitrogen loading rate (NLR) up to 5.0±1.0gNL-1d-1 was stably treated using real reject water (T=30°C, pH=7.5) with a NO2--N/(NO2--N+NO3--N) ratio of 99%. NLR reached up to 9.3±0.5gNL-1d-1 with synthetic wastewater. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
- Partial nitrification