High-resolution alkenone sea surface temperature variability on the North Icelandic Shelf: Implications for Nordic Seas palaeoclimatic development during the Holocene

James A.P. Bendle, Antoni Rosell-Melé

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Abstract

The palaeoceanography of the northern Icelandic Shelf for the Holocene period was reconstructed from alkenone indices measured in core JR51-GC35. This contains a continuous record of Holocene sedimentation spanning 0-10.2 cal. kyr BP with a resolution of ∼20 yr/cm. We have identified a general Holocene cooling trend that has superimposed millennial-scale oscillations of >2°C. Their timing is in close agreement with the timing of glacier advances in northern Iceland. For the later half of the Holocene, the alkenone-sea surface temperature (SST) record from JR51-GC35 correlates with proxy data for the strength of NADW formation recorded in cores south of Iceland. This is interpreted as evidence of a close connection existing between north Icelandic sea surface temperatures and the North Atlantic meridonal overturning circulation. The timing of the millennial-scale SST variability in our core off North Iceland is found to be out of phase, or anti-phased, with the SST variability of a record in the eastern Nordic Seas (MD952011). This suggests that the evolution of Holocene climate in the Nordic Seas was more complex than previously proposed; and it is likely to be caused by differential responses of the Irminger and Norwegian Currents and modulated by changes in atmospheric circulation analogous to the North Atlantic Oscillation. © 2007 SAGE Publications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-24
JournalHolocene
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Alkenones
  • Anti-phasing
  • High-resolution sediment core
  • Holocene
  • Iceland
  • Irminger Current
  • MOC
  • Marine-terrestrial correlations
  • Millennial
  • NAO
  • Nordic Seas
  • North Atlantic
  • North Atlantic Oscillation
  • Norwegian Current
  • Palaeoceanography
  • SST
  • UK37

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