The purpose of this investigation was to assess the prevalence of upper urinary tract involvement in patients with candiduria by means of 111indium-oxine-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy. An observational cohort study of patients with confirmed candiduria was conducted in an acute-care teaching hospital in Spain from March 2006 through February 2009. An 111In-labeled leukocyte scan was performed in order to assess the upper urinary tract involvement. A series of non-matched patients without candiduria nor bacteriuria undergoing scintigraphy to exclude infections in other sites than the urinary tract was also studied. Demographics, baseline illness, and clinical data were recorded. Candiduria was detected in 428 patients, and scintigraphy was performed in 35 of these patients. Twenty-nine patients without candiduria nor bacteriuria were also studied. Positive renal scintigraphy was documented in 24 (68%) patients with confirmed candiduria and in 3 (10%) patients without candiduria (p∈<∈0.005). Renal uptake was not associated with a higher mortality nor with re-admissions. Subclinical pyelonephritis could be more frequent in patients with candiduria than it has been previously considered.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2012|