High prevalence of obesity in a Spanish working population

Alberto Goday-Arnó, Eva Calvo-Bonacho, Miguel ángel Sánchez-Chaparro, José Antonio Gelpi, Juan Carlos Sainz, Sonia Santamaría, Rosa Isabel Navarro, Faustino Gutiérrez, Carlos Sanz, Elena Caveda, Jesús Reviriego

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objectives: To report the prevalence of obesity in a Spanish working population and its changes in recent years. Material and methods: Data were collected from routine medical examinations performed on workers by a national mutual insurance society for occupational accidents and diseases (Ibermutuamur). A structured questionnaire was completed and physical examinations were performed. Overweight was defined as BMI ranging from 25 and 29.9, obesity as BMI of 30-39.9, and morbid obesity as BMI≥40kg/m2. Results: Data from 1,336,055 medical examinations performed from May 2004 to November 2007 were collected. Prevalence rates in the population examined in 2004 (n = 230,684; 73% males; average age, 36.4 years) were: morbid obesity, 0.5% (0.6% males, 0.5% females); obesity, 14.5% (17.0% males, 7.7% females); overweight, 38.4% (44.8% males, 21.3% females). Prevalence rates of obesity and overweight were higher in blue-collar workers (16.4% and 40.5% respectively) as compared to white-collar workers (10.9% and 34.4% respectively). There was a progressive increase in prevalence of obesity during the 4-year study (2004-2007) in both males (17.0%, 17.6%, 17.9%, 18.2%) and females (7.6%, 8.0%, 8.4%, 8.7%). Conclusions: Prevalence of obesity and overweight in the Spanish working population is high, especially in male blue-collar workers, and is increasing. There is a need to promote early prevention programs and specific treatments for obesity. © 2012 SEEN.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-178
JournalEndocrinologia y Nutricion
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Morbid obesity
  • Obesity
  • Occupation
  • Overweight
  • Prevalence

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