We have studied the crystal and electronic structure of monoclinic (MC) InSe under pressure finding a reversible phase transition to a Hg2 Cl2 -like tetragonal phase. The pressure evolution of the crystal structure was investigated by angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy in a diamond-anvil cell up to 30 GPa. From the diffraction experiments, we deduced that MC InSe becomes gradually more symmetric under pressure, transforming the crystal structure into a tetragonal one at 19.4±0.5 GPa. This phase transition occurs without any volume change. Raman measurements under pressure confirmed the occurrence of a monoclinic-to-tetragonal transformation. The nondegenerate modes in the MC phase, especially the Ag4 modes, exhibit a negative pressure coefficient, converging with the Bg1 modes, and becoming an Eg mode in the tetragonal phase. The experimental results are interpreted through density-functional theory (DFT) electronic-structure and total-energy calculations, which showed that beyond 18 GPa the tetragonal phase is the most stable phase. It is also shown that along the continuous change from monoclinic to tetragonal InSe, there is a progressive decrease of the band gap and eventually, in the tetragonal phase, there occurs a small band overlap. However, the Raman-effect and optical-absorption measurements suggest that this overlap is probably due to the usual DFT band-gap underestimation. Tetragonal InSe is most likely a low-gap semiconductor. The bonding in the monoclinic phase and that in the tetragonal InSe phase are compared. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Jan 2008|