Metabolic activation in the disposition of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") has been implicated in some of its pharmacological and toxicological effects, with the major metabolite 3,4-dihydroxymethamphetamine (HHMA) as a putative toxicant through the formation of thioether adducts. We describe the first validated method for HHMA determination based on acid hydrolysis of plasma and urine samples, further extraction by a solid-phase strong cation-exchange resin (SCX, benzenesulfonic acid), and analysis of extracts by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The chromatographic separation was performed in an n-butyl-silane (C4) column and the mobile phase was a mixture of 0.1 M sodium acetate containing 0.1 M 1-octanesulphonic acid and 4 mM EDTA (pH 3.1) and acetonitrile (82:18, v/v). Compounds were monitored with an electrochemical cell (working potentials 1 and 2, +0.05 and +0.35 V, respectively, gain 60 μA). A mobile phase conditioning cell with a potential set at +0.40 V was connected between the pumping system and the injector. Calibration curves were linear within the working concentration ranges of 50-1000 μg/L for urine and plasma. Limits of detection and quantification were 10.5 and 31.8 μg/L for urine and 9.2 and 28.2 μg/L for plasma. Recoveries for HHMA and DHBA (3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine, internal standard) were close to 50% for both biological matrices. Intermediate precision and inter-day accuracy were within 3.9-6.5% and 7.4-15.3% for urine and 5.0-10.8% and 9.2-13.4% for plasma. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Apr 2002|