High magnetic moments and anisotropies for Fe<inf>x</inf>Co<inf>1-x</inf> monolayers on Pt(111)

G. Moulas, A. Lehnert, S. Rusponi, J. Zabloudil, C. Etz, S. Ouazi, M. Etzkorn, P. Bencok, P. Gambardella, P. Weinberger, H. Brune

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The magnetism of 1-ML-thick films of Fex Co1-x on Pt(111) was investigated both experimentally, by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements, and theoretically, by first-principles electronic structure calculations, as a function of the film chemical composition. The calculated Fe and Co spin moments are only weakly dependent on the composition and close to 3 μB /atom and 2 μB /atom, respectively. This trend is also seen in the experimental data, except for pure Fe, where an effective spin moment of only Seff = (1.2±0.2) μB /atom was measured. On the other hand, both the orbital moment and the magnetic anisotropy energy show a strong composition dependence with maxima close to the Fe0.5 Co0.5 stoichiometry. The experiment, in agreement with theory, gives a maximum magnetic anisotropy energy of 0.5 meV/atom, which is more than 2 orders of magnitude larger than the value observed in bulk bcc FeCo and close to that observed for the L 10 phase of FePt. The calculations clearly demonstrate that this composition dependence is the result of a fine tuning in the occupation number of the d x2 - y2 and dxy orbitals due to the Fe-Co electronic hybridization. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number214424
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008


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