High-fat diet induces metabolic changes and reduces oxidative stress in female mouse hearts

Ignasi Barba, Elisabet Miró-Casas, José L. Torrecilla, Eulàlia Pladevall, Sergi Tejedor, Rubén Sebastián-Pérez, Marisol Ruiz-Meana, José R. Berrendero, Antonio Cuevas, David García-Dorado

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. After an acute myocardial infarction, obese patients generally have a better prognosis than their leaner counterparts, known as the “obesity paradox”. In addition, female sex is associated with a lower risk of cardiac ischemic events and smaller infarct size compared to males. The objective of the present work was to study the metabolic phenotype and mitochondrial function associated to female sex and short-term high-fat diet. 1H NMR spectra of mice heart extracts were analysed by mRMR variable selection and linear discriminant analysis was used to evaluate metabolic changes. In separate experiments, O2 consumption and H2O2 production were measured from isolated mitochondria as well as serum oxidation susceptibility. Fingerprinting showed that male hearts contained more myo-inositol, taurine and glutamate than female hearts. HFD reduced the levels of creatine, taurine citrate and acetate. Profiling showed increased alanine and fumarate in HFD suggesting altered glycolitic and Krebs cycle pathways. Female mice contained less glucose than males. Female sex nor HFD altered mitochondria oxygen consumption but both conditions reduced the amount of H2O2 produced in an additive manner. Serum of females had lower oxidation susceptibility than serum from males but there were no differences associated with HFD. In conclusion, female sex and short-term HFD have an effect on the myocardial metabolic pattern and reduce the amount of H2O2 produced by mitochondria in an additive manner suggesting different mechanisms of action. This could explain, at least in part, the protection afforded by female sex and the “obesity paradox”.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Antioxidant capacity
  • Gender differences
  • Metabolomics
  • Mitochondrial function
  • Myocardial metabolism
  • NMR
  • Obesity

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