Hierarchical Residual Attention Network for Single Image Super-Resolution

Parichehr Behjati, Pau Rodriguez, Armin Mehri, Isabelle Hupont, Carles Fernández Tena, Jordi Gonzalez

Research output: Working paper


Convolutional neural networks are the most successful models in single image super-resolution. Deeper networks, residual connections, and attention mechanisms have further improved their performance. However, these strategies often improve the reconstruction performance at the expense of considerably increasing the computational cost. This paper introduces a new lightweight super-resolution model based on an efficient method for residual feature and attention aggregation. In order to make an efficient use of the residual features, these are hierarchically aggregated into feature banks for posterior usage at the network output. In parallel, a lightweight hierarchical attention mechanism extracts the most relevant features from the network into attention banks for improving the final output and preventing the information loss through the successive operations inside the network. Therefore, the processing is split into two independent paths of computation that can be simultaneously carried out, resulting in a highly efficient and effective model for reconstructing fine details on high-resolution images from their low-resolution counterparts. Our proposed architecture surpasses state-of-the-art performance in several datasets, while maintaining relatively low computation and memory footprint.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2020


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