© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel. Complex chromosome rearrangements (CCRs) are unusual structural chromosome alterations found in humans, and to date only a few have been characterized molecularly. New mechanisms, such as chromothripsis, have been proposed to explain the presence of the CCRs in cancer cells and in patients with congenital disorders and/or mental retardation. The aim of the present study was the molecular characterization of a constitutional CCR in a girl with multiple congenital disorders and intellectual disability in order to determine the genotype-phenotype relation and to clarify whether the CCR could have been caused by chromosomal catastrophic events. The present CCR was characterized by G-banding, high-resolution CGH, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and subtelomeric 2q-FISH analyses. Preliminary results indicate that the de novo CCR is unbalanced showing a 2q37.3 deletion and 2q34q37.2 partial trisomy. Our patient shows some of the typical traits and intellectual disability described in patients with 2q37 deletion and also in carriers of 2q34q37.2 partial trisomy; thus, the clinical disorders could be explained by additional effects of both chromosome alterations (deletions and duplications). A posterior, sequential FISH study using BAC probes revealed the unexpected presence of at least 17 different reorganizations affecting 2q34q37.2, suggesting the existence of chromosome instability in this region. The present CCR is the first case described in the literature of heterogeneity of unbalanced CCRs affecting a small region of 2q, indicating that the mechanisms involved in constitutional chromosome rearrangement may be more complex than previously thought.
- 2q34q37.2 chromosome region
- 2q34q37.2 partial trisomy
- 2q37.3 deletion
- Chromosomal catastrophic events
- Chromosome instability
- Complex chromosome reorganization