Hernias at the extraction incision after laparoscopic colon and rectal resection: Influence of incision location and use of prophylactic mesh

José Antonio Pereira, Miguel Pera, Manuel López-Cano, Marta Pascual, Sandra Alonso, Silvia Salvans, Marta Jiménez-Toscano, Alba González-Martín, Luis Grande-Posa

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 AEC Objectives: To determine the incidence of incisional hernia (IH) in the extraction incision (EI) in colorectal resection for cancer. To analyze whether the location of the incision has any relationship with the incidence of hernias and whether mesh could be useful for prevention in high-risk patients. Methods: Retrospective review of the colon and rectal surgery database from January 2015 to December 2016. Data were classified into 2 groups, transverse (TI) and midline incision (MI), and the latter was divided into 2 subgroups (mesh [MIM] and suture [MIS]). Patients were classified using the HERNIAscore. Hernias were diagnosed by clinical and/or CT examination. Results: A total of 182 out of 210 surgical patients were included. After a median follow-up of 13.0 months, 39 IH (21.9%) were detected, 23 of which (13.4%) were in the EI; their frequency was lower in the TI group (3.4%) and in the MIM group (5.9%) than in the MIS group (29.5%; p = 0.007). The probability of developing IH in the MIS group showed an OR = 11.7 (95%CI: 3.3-42.0) compared to the TI group and 4.3 (IC 95%: 1.1-16.3) versus the MIM group. Conclusions: The location of the incision is relevant to avoid incisional hernias. Transverse incisions should be used as the first option. When a midline incision is needed, a prophylactic mesh could be considered in high risk patients because it is safe and associated with low morbidity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
JournalCirugia Espanola
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Extraction incision
  • Incisional hernia
  • Laparoscopic colectomy
  • Prophylactic mesh

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