© 2017 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Background & aims Decompensated cirrhosis patients have an elevated incidence of early readmission, mortality and economic burden. The aims of HEPACONTROL were to reduce early readmission and to evaluate its impact on mortality and emergency department visits. Patients and methods Quasi-experimental study with control group which compared two cohorts of patients discharged after being admitted for cirrhosis-related complications. A prospective cohort (n = 80), who followed the HEPACONTROL program, which began with a follow-up examination seven days after discharge at the Hepatology Unit Day Hospital and a retrospective cohort of patients (n = 112), who had been given a standard follow-up. Outcome variables that were compared between both groups were early readmission rates, the number of emergency department visits post-discharge, financial costs and mortality. Results The rate of early readmission was lower in the group with HEPACONTROL (11.3% vs 29.5%; P =.003). Also, the mean number of visits to the emergency department post-discharge (1.10 ± 1.64 vs 1.71 ± 2.36; P =.035), mortality at 60 days (3.8% vs 14.3%; P =.016), and the cost of early readmission were all lower compared with the group with standard follow-up (P =.029). Conclusions HEPACONTROL decreases the incidence of early readmission the rate of emergency department visits and mortality at 60 days in patients with decompensated cirrhosis, and it is cost-effective.
- Decompensated cirrhosis
- Early readmission
- Intervention to decrease readmissions