Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in HIV-infected naive patients treated with two HAART regimens at 12 months. Method: The MOS-HIV questionnaire was used to measure HRQoL in a subgroup of 127 patients included in the COMBINE study, which was an open-label, randomized, multicenter study comparing zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) plus nelfinavir (NFV) or nevirapine (NVP) regimens in HIV-infected naive patients. 63 patients were included in the ZDV/3TC/NFV arm and 64 in the ZDV/3TC/NVP arm. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed at baseline in demographic and clinical variables and HRQoL scores between treatment groups, except that the proportion of homosexual men was higher in the ZDV/3TC/NVP arm. There were no statistically significant differences in HRQoL scores between arms at 12 months and over time; only ZDV/3TC/NVP patients showed statistically significant improvement in Physical Health Summary score (p < .01) and a trend toward a better profile in Mental Health Summary score (p = .07). Overall, patients who were treated with ZDV/3TC/NVP showed greater changes in physical dimensions and patients who were treated with ZDV/3TC/NFV showed greater changes in mental health. Conclusion: Differences in HRQoL between study groups at 1 year follow-up were not detected. Nevertheless, a trend toward improvement was observed in summary health scores in ZDV/3TC/NVP-treated patients.
- Health-related quality of life
- HIV-infected naive patients