HDL and electronegative LDL exchange anti- and pro-inflammatory properties

Cristina Bancells, José Luis Sánchez-Quesada, Ragnhild Birkelund, Jordi Ordóñez-Llanos, Sònia Benítez

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Electronegative LDL [LDL(-)] is a minor modified LDL subfraction present in blood with inflammatory effects. One of the antiatherogenic properties of HDL is the inhibition of the deleterious effects of in vitro modified LDL. However, the effect of HDL on the inflammatory activity of LDL(-) isolated from plasma is unknown. We aimed to assess the putative protective role of HDL against the cytokine released induced in monocytes by LDL(-). Our results showed that LDL(-) cytokine release was inhibited when LDL(-) was coincubated with HDL and human monocytes and also when LDL(-) was preincubated with HDL and reisolated prior to cell incubation. The addition of apoliprotein (apo)AI instead of HDL reproduced the protective behavior of HDL. HDL preincubated with LDL(-) promoted greater cytokine release than native HDL. Incubation of LDL(-) with HDL decreased the electronegative charge, phospholipase C-like activity, susceptibility to aggregation and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) content of LDL(-), whereas these properties increased in HDL. NEFA content in LDL appeared to be related to cytokine production because NEFA-enriched LDL induced cytokine release. HDL, at least in part through apoAI, inhibits phospholipase-C activity and cytokine release in monocytes, thereby counteracting the inflammatory effect of LDL(-). In turn, HDL acquires these properties and becomes inflammatory. Copyright © 2010 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2947-2956
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010


  • Cytokines
  • Electro-negative low density lipoprotein
  • High density lipoprotein
  • Monocytes
  • Phospholipase-C activity


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