Hard and Transparent Films Formed by Nanocellulose-TiO<inf>2</inf> Nanoparticle Hybrids

Christina Schütz, Jordi Sort, Zoltán Bacsik, Vitaliy Oliynyk, Eva Pellicer, Andreas Fall, Lars Wågberg, Lars Berglund, Lennart Bergström, German Salazar-Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


The formation of hybrids of nanofibrillated cellulose and titania nanoparticles in aqueous media has been studied. Their transparency and mechanical behavior have been assessed by spectrophotometry and nanoindentation. The results show that limiting the titania nanoparticle concentration below 16 vol% yields homogeneous hybrids with a very high Young's modulus and hardness, of up to 44 GPa and 3.4 GPa, respectively, and an optical transmittance above 80%. Electron microscopy shows that higher nanoparticle contents result in agglomeration and an inhomogeneous hybrid nanostructure with a concomitant reduction of hardness and optical transmittance. Infrared spectroscopy suggests that the nanostructure of the hybrids is controlled by electrostatic adsorption of the titania nanoparticles on the negatively charged nanocellulose surfaces. © 2012 Schütz et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere45828
JournalPLoS ONE
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012


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