Haptoglobin genotype is associated with increased endothelial dysfunction serum markers in type 1 diabetes

Gemma Llauradó, Cristina Gutiérrez, Olga Giménez-Palop, Albert Cano, Rocío Pareja, Eugenio Berlanga Escalera, Montse González-Sastre, Joan Vendrell, José Miguel González-Clemente

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    4 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2015 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation. Background: To evaluate the genotype-driven effect of haptoglobin (Hp) in patients with type 1 diabetes without clinical cardiovascular (CV) disease, considering endothelial dysfunction (ED) and arterial stiffness (AS). Material and methods: About 137 patients with type 1 diabetes (duration ≥ 5 years) and 68 age- and sex-matched controls were evaluated for the following: (i) smoking, alcohol intake, BMI, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c and lipid profile (ii) microvascular complications; (iii) serum markers of ED (ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin); (iv) AS, assessed as aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV); and (v) Hp genotype. Results: The prevalence of the 1/1, 2/1 and 2/2 Hp genotypes was 28·5%, 46·7% and 24·8% in patients with type 1 diabetes and 20·9%, 38·8% and 40·3% in controls, respectively. No differences were found in classical CV risk factors between patients homozygous for allele 2 and the remaining genotypes, both in patients with type 1 diabetes and controls. Patients with type 1 diabetes carrying the Hp2/2 genotype had higher concentrations of ICAM-1 (65·1 (56·7-76·0) ng/mL vs. 59·0 (51·7-69·3) ng/mL; P = 0·033) and sVCAM-1 (1133·1 (884·6-1458·6) ng/mL vs. 956·4 (738·5-1206·1) ng/mL; P = 0·040) than those without it. The Hp2/2 genotype remained independently associated with ED after adjusting for CV risk factors (P = 0·038). No significant differences were found for aPWV between Hp genotypes. Conclusions: Endothelial dysfunction may be influenced by Hp2/2 genotype in patients with type 1 diabetes with independence of classical CV risk factors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)932-939
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015


    • Arterial stiffness
    • Endothelial dysfunction
    • Haptoglobin genotype
    • Type 1 diabetes


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