Habituation in acoustic startle reflex: Individual differences in personality

Angel Blanch, Ferran Balada, Anton Aluja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This study analyzed the relationship of individual differences in personality with habituation in the acoustic startle response (ASR). Data from nine trials in ASR to white noise bursts and a personality questionnaire based on the alternative big five personality approach were modelled with a latent growth curve (LCM) including intercept and slope habituation growth factors. There was a negative correlation between the intercept and slope, indicating that individuals with higher initial ASR levels had also a more pronounced and faster decrease in the ASR. Contrary to expectations, Extraversion and Sensation Seeking did not relate with habituation in ASR. Neuroticism and Aggressiveness related asymmetrically with the habituation rate in ASR. Higher levels of Neuroticism were related with faster habituation, whereas higher levels of Aggressiveness were related with slower habituation. Further studies with the LCM should be undertaken to clarify in a greater extent the association of personality with habituation in ASR. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-239
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014


  • Habituation
  • Personality
  • Startle reflex


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