Groups of Complex Integers Used as QAM Signals

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    Block codes which allow error correction in a two-dimensional QAM signal space are given. The properties of these codes are used to demodulate QAM signals in a differentially coherent detection scheme on a noisy channel. Block codes presented are not group codes; however, their components belong to a group Gn or Gn′ which is constructed starting from the Gaussian integers G = Z[i] modulo a nonprime ideal (2n + 2ni) and taking on it the multiplicative group of units. We classify and factor these multiplicative groups and use them to construct the block codes which become optimal and efficient from the point of view of transmission rate and decoding. © 1995 IEEE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1512-1517
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995


    • Gaussian integers
    • QAM signals
    • differentially coherent detection
    • error-correcting codes
    • multiplicative groups of units


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