Correlated calculations show the proton-transferred OH-H3O+ isomer to be the ground-state structure of the (H2O)2+ dimer ion, with the C2h hemibond structure being ca. 8 kcal/mol less stable. Modern density functionals however favor the hemibond structure, overestimating the strength of the three-electron bond by ca. 17 kcal/ mol. The wrong prediction of the relative stability of the two isomers is attributed to overestimation by the exchange functionals of the self-interaction part of the exchange energy in the hemibond ion due to its delocalized electron hole. It is cautioned that this erroneous behavior of the density functionals for exchange, if unrecognized, may lead to wrong predictions for ground-state structures of systems with a three-electron bond. © 1999 American Chemical Society.
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry A|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Jan 1999|