© 2019, European Society of Human Genetics. The association between impaired spermatogenesis and TGCT has stimulated research on shared genetic factors. Y chromosome-linked partial AZFc deletions predispose to oligozoospermia and were also studied in TGCT patients with controversial results. In the largest study reporting the association between gr/gr deletion and TGCT, sperm parameters were unknown. Hence, it remains to be established whether this genetic defect truly represents a common genetic link between TGCT and impaired sperm production. Our aim was to explore the role of the following Y chromosome-linked factors in the predisposition to TGCT: (i) gr/gr deletion in subjects with known sperm parameters; (ii) other partial AZFc deletions and, for the first time, the role of partial AZFc duplications; (iii) DAZ gene dosage variation. 497 TGCT patients and 2030 controls from two Mediterranean populations with full semen/andrological characterization were analyzed through a series of molecular genetic techniques. Our most interesting finding concerns the gr/gr deletion and DAZ gene dosage variation (i.e., DAZ copy number is different from the reference sequence), both conferring TGCT susceptibility. In particular, the highest risk was observed when normozoospermic TGCT and normozoospermic controls were compared (OR = 3.7; 95% CI = 1.5–9.1; p = 0.006 for gr/gr deletion and OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.1–3.0; p = 0.013 for DAZ gene dosage alteration). We report in the largest European study population the predisposing effect of gr/gr deletion to TGCT as an independent risk factor from impaired spermatogenesis. Our finding implies regular tumour screening/follow-up in male family members of TGCT patients with gr/gr deletion and in infertile gr/gr deletion carriers.