In this series, the commonest aetiology was tuberculosis (30 cases, 28%) followed by sarcoidosis (18 cases, 17.7%), mediterranean fever (Olmer's disease) (13 cases, 12.1%), brucellosis (8 cases, 7.4%), typhoid fever (7 cases, 6.6%) and idiopathic forms (8 cases, 7.4%). These were followed by Hodgkin's disease, toxoplasmosis, adenosarcoma, and leprosy. Finally, there were single cases due to infectious mononucleosis, B.C.G. reaction, hypogammaglobulinaemia, coeliac disease and temporal arteritis. Half of the patients had hepatomegaly and an increase, in general moderate, in hepatic enzymes (transaminases, alkaline phosphatase). The highest enzyme levels were seen in cases of brucellosis, hepatic enzymes being normal in patients with sarcoidosis.
|Journal||Nouvelle Presse Medicale|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1978|