Good governance in protected areas: An evaluation of stakeholders' perceptions in British Columbia and Ontario Provincial Parks

Paul F.J. Eagles, Francesc Romagosa, Windekind C. Buteau-Duitschaever, Mark Havitz, Troy D. Glover, Bonnie McCutcheon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As government funding is reduced and tourism-based fees are increasingly used to fund protected area operations, two options are often used for management: transfer of tourism services to the private sector or operation of tourism services by a government agency that functions like a corporation. This paper reports stakeholders' views concerning governance for two prominent, but different, management models for protected areas' tourism services in Canada. British Columbia Provincial Parks uses profit-making companies to deliver park services; Ontario Provincial Parks uses the parastatal approach, where park staff members provide most services directly. Surveys of five key stakeholder groups (park staff, visitors, contractors working in park, nearby residents and NGOs with an interest in parks) provided higher rankings of perceptions of governance criteria closer to good governance for the Ontario approach, with important differences found between some groups and amongst some criteria in both park systems. This research suggests that the parastatal model is perceived as superior by important stakeholder groups, using the lens of standard governance criteria, compared to the outsourcing model that uses profit-making companies to provide park tourism services. This finding has implications globally where governments seek to shift park funding from government towards tourism fees and charges. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)60-79
    JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
    Volume21
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

    Keywords

    • ecotourism
    • globalization
    • national parks
    • protected areas
    • tourism management
    • visitor management

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