Gold(I) complexes featuring electron acceptor ligands such as phosphites and phosphoramidites catalyze the [4C+2C] intramolecular cycloaddition of allenedienes. The reaction is chemo- and stereoselective, and provides trans-fused bicyclic cycloadducts in good yields. Moreover, using novel chiral phosphoramidite-based gold catalysts it is possible to perform the reaction with excellent enantioselectivity. Experimental and theoretical data dismiss a cationic mechanism involving intermediate II and suggest that the formation of the [4C+2C] cycloadducts might arise from a 1,2-alkyl migration (ring contraction) in a cycloheptenyl Au-carbene intermediate (IV), itself arising from a [4C+3C] concerted cycloaddition of the allenediene. Therefore, these [4C+2C] allenediene cycloadditions and the previously reported [4C+3C] counterparts most likely share such cycloaddition step, differing in the final 1,2-migration step. © 2009 American Chemical Society.