Vanadate inactivated rat hepatocyte glycogen synthase and activated glycogen phosphorylase in a dose- and time-dependent manner. These effects were observed in hepatocytes from both fasted as well as fed rats. When rat hepatocytes were preincubated with [32P]phosphate and then with vanadate, and the 32P-labeled glycogen synthase was specifically immunoprecipitated, it was observed that vanadate stimulated the phosphorylation of the 88,000-dalton subunit of glycogen synthase. All of the phosphate was located in the same two CNBr fragments of the enzyme which are phosphorylated by glucagon and other glycogenolytic hormones. In cells incubated in a calcium-depleted medium, vanadate was still able to inactivate glycogen synthase but its effects on phosphorylase were essentially lost. These results demonstrate that, in the hepatocyte, vanadate exerts opposite effects than in the adipocyte and skeletal muscle, where vanadate has an insulin-like action.
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1987|