Glutamate regulates eEF1A phosphorylation and ribosomal transit time in Bergmann glial cells

Iliana Barrera, Marco Flores-Méndez, Luisa C. Hernández-Kelly, Luis Cid, Miriam Huerta, Samuel Zinker, Esther López-Bayghen, José Aguilera, Arturo Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glutamate, the major excitatory transmitter in the vertebrate brain, is involved in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity. Glutamatergic stimulation leads to differential gene expression patterns in neuronal and glial cells. A glutamate-dependent transcriptional control has been established for several genes. However, much less is known about the molecular events that modify the translational machinery upon exposure to this neurotransmitter. In a glial model of cerebellar cultured Bergmann cells, glutamate induces a biphasic effect on [ 35S]-methionine incorporation into proteins that suggests that the elongation phase of protein biosynthesis is the target for regulation. Indeed, after a 15min exposure to glutamate a transient increase in elongation factor 2 phosphorylation has been reported, an effect mediated through the activation of the elongation factor 2 kinase.In this contribution, we sought to characterize the phosphorylation status of the eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) and the ribosomal transit time under glutamate exposure. A dose-dependent increase in eEF1A phosphorylation was found after a 60min glutamate treatment; this phenomenon is Ca 2+/CaM dependent, blocked with Src and phosphatidyl-inositol 3-kinase inhibitors and with rapamicyn. Concomitantly, the ribosomal transit time was increased with a 15min glutamate exposure. After 60 more minutes, the average time used by the ribosomes to complete a polypeptide chain had almost returned to its initial level. These results strongly suggest that glutamate exerts an exquisite time-dependent translational control in glial cells, a process that might be critical for glia-neuron interactions. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-803
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume57
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Bergmann glia
  • Gene expression regulation
  • Glutamate receptors
  • Signaling
  • Translation factors

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