Glutamate as sole carbon source for enhanced biological phosphorus removal

Natalia Rey-Martínez, Marina Badia-Fabregat, Albert Guisasola, Juan Antonio Baeza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) is based on the enrichment of sludge in polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAO). Candidatus Accumulibacter is the bacterial community member most commonly identified as PAO in EBPR systems when volatile fatty acids (VFA) are the carbon source. However, it is necessary to understand the role of non-Accumulibacter PAO in the case of wastewater with low VFA content. This work shows the first successful long-term operation of an EBPR system with glutamate as sole carbon and nitrogen source, resulting in the enrichment of sludge in the genus Thiothrix (37%), the family Comamonadaceae (15.6%) and Accumulibacter (7.7%). The enrichment was performed in an anaerobic/anoxic/oxic (A2/O) continuous pilot plant, obtaining stable biological N and P removal. This microbial community performed anaerobic P-release with only 18–29% of the observed PHA storage in Accumulibacter-enriched sludge and with slight glycogen storage instead of consumption, indicating the involvement of other carbon storage routes not related to PHA and glycogen. Thiothrix could be clearly involved in P-removal because it is able of accumulating Poly-P, probably without PHA synthesis, but with glutamate involvement. On the other hand, Comamonadaceae could participate in degradation of glutamate and denitrification, but its involvement in P-uptake cannot be reliably concluded.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1398-1408
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume657
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Comamonadaceae
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR)
  • Glycogen
  • Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
  • Polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (PAO)
  • Thiothrix
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Carbon/metabolism
  • Sewage/chemistry
  • Betaproteobacteria/enzymology
  • Nitrogen/analysis
  • Glutamic Acid/chemistry
  • Phosphorus/analysis
  • Bioreactors/microbiology
  • ACTIVATED-SLUDGE
  • NITROGEN REMOVAL
  • COMPETITION
  • WASTE-WATER
  • BACTERIA
  • Comarnonadareae
  • MICROBIAL COMMUNITY
  • TETRASPHAERA
  • SYSTEMS
  • ACCUMULIBACTER
  • POLYPHOSPHATE-ACCUMULATING ORGANISMS

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