Natriuretic peptides and their receptors are widely expressed in mammalian CNS and increasing evidence implicates them in the regulation of neural development, synaptic transmission and processing of information, and neuroprotection. Although the peptides have been mainly localized in neuronal populations they are also produced in glial cells. Astroglia and microglia also express functional natriuretic peptide receptors that can regulate important physiological responses. In this article we review evidence on the localization of natriuretic peptides and their receptors in astroglial and microglial cells and summarize data supporting the participation of this signalling system in neuron-glia and glia-brain blood vessel communication relevant to CNS function. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
- Natriuretic peptides