Gestational diabetes in a multiethnic population of Spain: Clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes

Elisa Hernandez-Rivas, Juana A. Flores-Le Roux, David Benaiges, Enric Sagarra, Juan J. Chillaron, Antoni Paya, Jaume Puig-de Dou, Albert Goday, Maria A. Lopez-Vilchez, Juan Pedro-Botet

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To compare clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes between immigrant and Spanish women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multiethnic population of Barcelona and to identify factors independently associated with the development of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. Methods: Prospective study of women with GDM from five ethnic groups (Caucasian, South-Central Asian, Latin American, East Asian and Moroccan) at a single institution in Barcelona between 2004 and 2011. Maternal, gestational and newborn characteristics were recorded. Results: The cohort included 456 patients. In univariate analyses, Moroccan women had more frequently a pre-gestational body mass index (BMI)>25kg/m2 (76.4%, P=0.012), while East Asian women had lower BMI (23.41±2.79kg/m2, P<0.001), less need for insulin therapy (14.3%, P=0.013) and the highest rate of spontaneous labor (69.8%, P=0.014) and eutocic delivery (63.8%, P=0.032). Also, Latin American women had a higher rate of Cesarean section (52.9%, P<0.001) and LGA infants (28.6%, P=0.004), and their newborns had lower umbilical cord pH (7.23±0.06, P=0.005) and Apgar scores (9 [4-10], P<0.01) and a higher incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia (51.4%, P=0.045). Logistic regression analysis identified pre-gestational BMI (OR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.09-1.27), pregnancy weight gain (OR: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.1-1.28) and insulin use during gestation (OR: 2.29; 95% CI: 1.09-4.82) as predictors of LGA infants. Conclusions: Significant ethnic differences were found in clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of women with GDM. Latin American women had a higher frequency of adverse perinatal outcomes. Pregestational BMI, pregnancy weight gain and insulin use during pregnancy were independent predictors of LGA. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Keywords

  • Ethnic differences
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Perinatal outcomes

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