Geometry Mismatch and Reticular Chemistry: Strategies to Assemble Metal-Organic Frameworks with Non-default Topologies

Vincent Guillerm, Daniel Maspoch

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society. The past 20 years have witnessed tremendous advances in the field of porous materials, including the development of novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that show great potential for practical applications aimed at addressing global environmental and industrial challenges. A critical tool enabling this progress has been reticular chemistry, through which researchers can design materials that exhibit highly regular (i.e., edge-transitive) topologies, based on the assembly of geometrically matched building blocks into specific nets. However, innovation sometimes demands that researchers steer away from default topologies to instead pursue unusual geometries. In this Perspective, we cover this aspect and introduce the concept of geometry mismatch, in which seemingly incompatible building blocks are combined to generate non-default structures. We describe diverse MOF assemblies built through geometry mismatch generated by use of ligand bend angles, twisted functional groups, zigzag ligands and other elements, focusing on carboxylate-based MOFs combined with common inorganic clusters. We aim to provide a fresh perspective on rational design of MOFs and to help readers understand the countless options now available to achieve greater structural complexity in MOFs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16517-16538
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Volume141
    Issue number42
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2019

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