Geometric configurations of singularities for quadratic differential systems with total finite multiplicity m<inf>f</inf>= 2

Joan C. Artés, Jaume Llibre, Dana Schlomiuk, Nicolae Vulpe

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we consider the problem of classifying all configurations of singularities, both finite and infinite of quadratic differential systems, with respect to the geometric equivalence relation defined in [3]. This relation is deeper than the topological equivalence relation which does not distinguish between a focus and a node or between a strong and a weak focus or between foci of different orders. Such distinctions are however important in the production of limit cycles close to the foci in perturbations of the systems. The notion of geometric equivalence relation of con figurations of singularities allows to incorporates all these important geometric features which can be expressed in purely algebraic terms. This equivalence relation is also deeper than the qualitative equivalence relation introduced in [17]. The geometric classification of all configurations of singularities, finite and infinite, of quadratic systems was initiated in [4] where the classification was done for systems with total multiplicity mf of finite singularities less than or equal to one. In this article we continue the work initiated in [4] and obtain the geometric classification of singularities, finite and infinite, for the subclass of quadratic differential systems possessing finite singularities of total multiplicity mf = 2. We obtain 197 geometrically distinct configurations of singularities for this family. We also give here the global bifurcation diagram of configurations of singularities, both finite and infinite, with respect to the geometric equivalence relation, for this class of systems. The bifurcation set of this diagram is algebraic. The bifurcation diagram is done in the 12-dimensional space of parameters and it is expressed in terms of polynomial invariants. The results can therefore be applied for any family of quadratic systems in this class, given in any normal form. Determining the geometric configurations of singularities for any such family, becomes thus a simple task using computer algebra calculations. © 2014 Texas State University - San Marcos.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectronic Journal of Differential Equations
Volume2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Affne invariant polynomials
  • Configuration of singularities
  • Geometric equivalence relation
  • Infinite and finite singularities
  • Poincaré compactification
  • Quadratic vector fields

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