Genetic variability of the gene cluster CALHM1-3 in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Olga Calero, María J. Bullido, Jordi Clarimón, Rafael Hortigüela, Ana Frank-García, Pablo Martínez-Martín, Alberto Lleó, María Jesús Rey, Isabel Sastre, Alberto Rábano, Jesús De Pedro-Cuesta, Isidro Ferrer, Miguel Calero

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Perturbations of calcium homeostasis have been associated with several neurodegenerative disorders. A common polymorphism (rs2986017) in the CALHM1 gene, coding for a regulator of calcium homeostasis, is a genetic risk factor for the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). Although some authors failed to confirm these results, a meta-analysis has shown that this polymorphism modulates the age at disease onset. Furthermore, a recent association study has explored the genetic variability of CALHM1 gene and two adjacent paralog genes (CALHM3 and CALHM2) in an Asian population. Since several lines of evidence suggest that AD and prion diseases share pathophysiologic mechanisms, we investigated for the first time the genetic variability of the gene cluster formed by CALHM1 and its paralogs in a series of 235 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) patients, and compared the genotypic and allelic frequencies with those presented in 329 controls from the same ancestry. As such, this work also represents the first association analysis of CALHM genes in sCJD. Sequencing analysis of the complete coding regions of the genes demonstrated the presence of 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) within the CALHM genes. We observed that rs4918016-rs2986017-rs2986018 and rs41287502-rs41287500 polymorphic sites at CALHM1 were in linkage disequilibrium. We found marginal associations for sCJD risk at CALHM1 polymorphic sites rs41287502 and rs41287500 [coding for two linked missense mutations p.(Met323Ile); (Gly282Cys)], and rs2986017 [p.(Leu86Pro)]. Interestingly, a TGG haplotype defined by the rs4918016- rs2986017-rs2986018 block was associated with sCJD. These findings underscore the need of future multinational collaborative initiatives in order to corroborate these seminal data. © 2012 Landes Bioscience.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)407-412
    JournalPrion
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

    Keywords

    • Calcium homeostasis
    • Calhm genes
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Genetic risk
    • Linkage disequilibrium

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