Genetic polymorphism of liver alcohol dehydrogenase in spantsh subjects: Significance of alcohol consumption and liver disease

Xavier Parés, Jaume Earrés, Albert Parés, Xavier Soler, Julià Panés, Josep Lluis Ferré, Joan Caballería, Joan Rodés

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Abstract

Class I alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) phenotypes have been studied by starch gel electrophoresis and activity analysis in liver tissue obtained at necropsy from 61 non-alcoholic subjects with normal liver (controls), and in biopsies from 60 chronic alcoholics with liver disease and from 24 subjects with non-alcoholic liver disease. Twenty-three per cent of controls exhibited the ADH22-1 phenotype, which represents the highest frequency for atypical ADH found in a Caucasian population. Both alcoholic and non-alcoholic patients with liver disease showed a lower frequency of the atypical phenotype (6.6% and 8.8%, respectively). No differences in the ADH2 locus were detected among groups of patients with different severity of alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver disease.The allele frequencies of the ADH3 locus for the controls (ADH31 = 0.63, ADH32 = 0.37) are common to those of other Caucasian populations. Similar ADH3 allele frequencies were observed in patients with alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver disease. Discrepancies between the various phenotyping and genotyping studies now known for several populations suggest that local differences may exist in the distribution of the ADH polymorphism in even geographically close regions, and that the effect of ADH polymorphism on vulnerability towards alcohol may not be identical in different populations. © 1994 Medical Council on Alcholism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-705
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume29
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1994

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