Genetic diversity and phylogenetic analysis of glycoprotein 5 of European-type porcine reproductive and respiratory virus strains in Spain

Enric Mateu, Marga Martín, Dolors Vidal

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73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gene encoding glycoprotein 5 (ORF5) of 21 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates from Spain and two European-type vaccines currently available in that country were analysed using RT-PCR and sequencing. Sequences were then compared with other European-type sequences available through GenBank. Results showed percentages of similarity to Lelystad virus (LV), which, in most cases, were below 90%. In contrast, two strains were very similar (>99%) to a PRRSV variant from the Czech Republic. Evolutionary trees showed three types of strains: one grouped old Spanish sequences; a second grouped isolates from this study together with two Czech variant strains; and the third comprised other GenBank sequences. Regarding the predicted protein sequences, some isolates from this study showed a low degree of similarity to LV (below 50%) and most of the strains examined had additional N-linked glycosylation sites compared to LV. These results provide evidence of the existence of variant PRRSV strains in Spain with characteristics that may be advantageous for immune evasion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-534
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003

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