Generation and characterization of 1,2-Diaryl-1,1,2,2-tetramethyldisilane cation radicals

Gonzalo Guirado, Olesya Haze, Joseph P. Dinnocenzo

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Nanosecond laser flash photolysis methods were used to generate and spectrally characterize the cation radicals of 1,2-diaryl-1,1,2,2,- tetramethyldisilanes (Ar = p-X-Ph, X = H, CH3, OCH3) in hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) at room temperature. The disilane cation radicals rapidly reacted with methanol, with bimolecular rate constants ranging from 0.63 to 2.1 ×108 M-1 s-1. The cation radicals were found to react with tert-butanol 4-5 times more slowly than methanol, consistent with a small steric effect for nucleophile-assisted fragmentation of the Si-Si bond. The standard potentials for oxidation of the disilanes in HFIP were determined by two different methods: first, by measuring equilibrium constants for electron exchange between the disilanes and the cation radical of hexaethylbenzene and, second, by combining electrochemical data from cyclic voltammetry with the lifetimes of the disilane cation radicals measured by laser flash photolysis in the same media. Agreement between the two methods was excellent (≤3 mV). The oxidation of 1,2-di-p-methoxyphenyl-1,1,2,2,- tetramethyldisilane by slow scan cyclic voltammetry in acetonitrile was not found to be reversible, in contrast to prior literature reports. Possible explanations for the prior results are proposed. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3326-3331
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2010


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