Fungal colonization and/or infection in non-neutropenic critically ill patients: Results of the EPCAN observational study

C. León, F. Álvarez-Lerma, S. Ruiz-Santana, M. Á León, J. Nolla, R. Jordá, P. Saavedra, M. Palomar

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47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to determine the incidence of fungal colonization and infection in non-neutropenic critically ill patients and to identify factors favoring infection by Candida spp. A total of 1,655 consecutive patients (>18 years of age) admitted for ≤ 7 days to 73 medical-surgical Spanish intensive care units (ICUs) participated in an observational prospective cohort study. Surveillance samples were obtained once a week. One or more fungi were isolated in different samples in 59.2% of patients, 94.2% of which were Candida spp. There were 864 (52.2%) patients with Candida spp. colonization and 92 (5.5%) with proven Candida infection. In the logistic regression analysis risk factors independently associated with Candida spp. infection were sepsis (odds ratio [OR]∈=∈8.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.07-13.6), multifocal colonization (OR∈=∈3.49, 95% CI 1.74-7.00), surgery (OR∈=∈2.04, 95% CI 1.27-3.30), and the use of total parenteral nutrition (OR∈=∈4.37, 95% CI 2.16-8.33). Patients with Candida spp. infection showed significantly higher in-hospital and intra-ICU mortality rates than those colonized or non-colonized non-infected (P∈<∈0.001). Fungal colonization, mainly due to Candida spp., was documented in nearly 60% of non-neutropenic critically ill patients admitted to the ICU for more than 7 days. Proven candidal infection was diagnosed in 5.5% of cases. Risk factors independently associated with Candida spp. infection were sepsis, multifocal colonization, surgery, and the use of total parenteral nutrition. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-242
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009

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