Funerary practices and kinship in an Early Bronze Age society: A Bayesian approach applied to the radiocarbon dating of Argaric double tombs

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Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to test the hypothesis on kinship relations (affinity/marriage vs descent/consanguinity, and matrilocality) expressed in the funerary record of the El Argar Bronze Age society (South-east Iberia, 2200-1550 cal BCE), taking into account the absolute chronological dimension of double adult tombs. A set of 23 double tombs having radiocarbon dates for both skeletons were selected, and radiocarbon calibration and Bayesian probability analysis was conducted. The results support the 'descent' hypothesis, since for most of the cases the chronological distance between individuals buried together was larger than two decades. Finally, several guidelines for future research are suggested in order to overcome shortages in current chronological and archaeological data. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4626-4634
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Bayesian statistics
  • Double burials
  • Early Bronze Age
  • El Argar
  • Funerary rites

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