© 2019 American Chemical Society. αRep is a family of entirely artificial repeat proteins. Within the previously described αRep library, some variants are homodimers displaying interdomain cavities. Taking advantage of these properties, one of these homodimers called αRep A3 was converted into entirely artificial single chain bidomain metalloenzymes. A nonmutated A3 domain was covalently linked with an A3′ domain bearing a unique cysteine on a chosen mutated position (F119C or Y26C). This single mutation ensured the covalent coupling of a 1:1 copper(II)/phenanthroline or copper(II)/terpyridine complex as a catalytic center within the interdomain cavity which was maintained large enough to accommodate two substrates of the Diels-Alder (D-A) reaction. This allowed us to obtain four new artificial Diels-Alderases that were fully characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, UV-vis spectroscopy, and size exclusion chromatography analyses and were then further used for the catalysis of the D-A reaction. They were found to be able to catalyze the enantioselective D-A reaction of azachalcone with cyclopentadiene with up to 38% yield and 52% enantiomeric excess, which validates the proposed strategy. Moreover, the data were rationalized with a computational strategy suggesting the key factors of the selectivity. These results suggest that artificial metalloenzymes based on bidomain A3-A3 proteins modified with nitrogen donor ligands may be suitable for further catalyst optimization and may constitute valuable tools toward more efficient and selective artificial biocatalysts.
|Publication status||Published - 28 Feb 2019|