The gene pzl-1 from the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa encodes a putative Ser/Thr protein phosphatase that is reminiscent of the Ppz1/Ppz2 and Pzh1 phosphatases from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, respectively. The entire PZL-1 protein, as well as its carboxyl-terminal domain, have been expressed in Escherichia coli as active protein phosphatases. To characterize its cellular role, PZL-1 was also expressed in Sz. pombe and in S. cerevisiae. Expression of PZL-1 in S. cerevisiae from the PPZ1 promoter was able to rescue the altered sensitivity to caffeine and lithium ions of a ppz1 strain. Furthermore, high copy number expression of PZL-1 alleviated the lytic phenotype of a S. cerevisiae slt2/mpk1 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase mutant, similarly to that described for PPZ1, and mimicked the effects of high levels of Ppz1 on cell growth. Expression of PZL-1 in fission yeast from a weak version of the nmt1 promoter fully rescued the growth defect of a pzh1Δ strain in high potassium, but only partially complemented the sodium-hypertolerant phenotype. Strong overexpression of the N. crassa phosphatase in Sz. pombe affected cell growth and morphology. Therefore, PZL-1 appears to fulfil every known function carried out by its S. cerevisiae counterpart, despite the marked divergence in sequence within their NH2-terminal moieties. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jan 2001|
- Functional expression
- Ppz phosphatases
- Salt tolerance